Graphene is a two-dimensional crystal, also known as a single atomic layer of graphite. The University of Manchester physicist Andre gaime and Constantine Novoselov??, with micro mechanical stripping method successfully isolated graphene from graphite, thus jointly won the 2010 Nobel prize in physics. A new type of nano materials as the most thin, the maximum intensity and strongest thermal conductivity properties, graphene is known as the "black gold", in the traditional field of semiconductor industry, the photovoltaic industry, lithium-ion battery, aerospace, military industry, a new generation of display and emerging areas will bring a revolution. The technological progress of sex. At the same time, graphene industry has been the strong support of national policy, including new material "13th Five-Year" planning, a plurality of graphene industry support policies or have been introduced, graphene industry in the future will have a huge growth of investment opportunities.
First, the status of the graphene industry
(I) global status. Based on superior performance, graphene has a broad market prospect and great economic benefit. Every year, a large number of academic investment institutions are pouring into the graphene market. At present, the graphene material has more than 80 R & D investment including the United States, European Union, Japan and other international developed countries, countries and regions, and America, Britain, South Korea, Japan and the European Union will be upgraded to the strategic height of graphene research, expect it to bring a huge market value. According to incomplete statistics, the world's nearly 300 companies involved in the research and development of graphene, including IBM, Intel, SanDisk, Dow Chemical, general motors, DuPont, Xerox, Samsung, Lockheed Martin, Boeing and other tech giants?.
(two) domestic situation. As early as the summer of 2010, Jining Lite nanometer became the earliest unit to dabble in the graphene industry in China. In 2011, Changzhou City, Jiangsu, invested 50 million, set up the Jiangnan graphene science and Technology Industrial Park. In 2013, Ningbo and Wuxi city have provided special funds and published "the outline of the development planning of graphene industry", which is used to support the industrialization of graphene. In July 2013, China's Strategic Alliance for the technological innovation of the graphene industry was established. At the same time, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shenzhen, Shanghai, Shandong, Fujian, Liaoning, Chongqing, Heilongjiang and Chinese Academy of Sciences and other institutions in various forms of collaborative innovation, have established an industrial technology alliance, promoting the optimization of innovation resources combination and innovation and industrialization process. By the end of 2013, Chinese graphene Standardization Committee was set up and start Chinese graphene research and detection of public service platform, the service platform mainly provides professional graphene performance testing and structure characterization for Chinese graphene industry technology innovation strategic alliance related units. In September 2014, the 2014 China International Innovation Conference on graphene was held in Ningbo, attracting many domestic and foreign universities, research institutes and enterprises to participate actively, triggering another wave of research and application of graphene. In March 2015, the first 30 thousand graphene mobile phones in the world were released in Chongqing, which opened the new era of the application of graphene.
(three) the status of industry in Qingdao. In 2015, Qingdao held the China International graphene Innovation Conference, and approved the "national Qingdao graphene and advanced carbon material characteristic industry base" and "Qingdao graphene international science and technology cooperation base", creating a good industrial development environment. In 2016, the Qingdao science and Technology Innovation Committee released the general plan for the construction of the ten major technological innovation centers in Qingdao. In the plan, we proposed to focus on the construction of ten major technological innovation centers, such as graphene. High tech Zone as the first district and the demonstration area of Qingdao industrial development of graphene, graphene industry carrier construction planning covers an area of 135 acres, the establishment of China's first international graphene Innovation Center; 100 million yuan to set up the first domestic graphene angel investment fund, build graphene public testing platform and collaborative innovation platform. The development of graphene industry in Laixi is mainly concentrated in the town of Nan Shu. In 2012, it has been established as the agglomeration area of the graphite new material industry in Laixi, Qingdao. Laixi is relying on graphene high and new technology advantages, graphite culture brand advantage, idle land assets advantage, and actively prepare for the establishment of national graphene industrialization demonstration base. The main graphene projects have:
1, Qingdao fortunestar nanotechnology Limited physical graphene project. The total investment of the company is RMB one hundred million yuan, the first phase of investment is RMB 30 million yuan, and the annual production line of 1000 tons high quality graphene conductive heat conducting agent has been built. It was successfully tested in October 2015, and became the largest graphene slurry production base in the north of Yangtze river. The driving ceremony was received by Nobel, a graphene and Andre Geim prize winner in physics. At present, the company has entered the normal operation state and has become an important raw material supplier of graphene in large state-owned enterprises in Qingdao. The company is optimizing the production capacity of 5000 tons of graphene slurry by process optimization. The production line of our company adopts the self-developed technology of graphene physical production. It has unique characteristics and leading role in the international and domestic industries, and overcomes the environmental pollution and safety risks caused by chemical production technology. At the same time the company is also actively engaged in graphene downstream application product development, in 2016 October registered Qingdao Andy purification company, mainly for graphene sterilization deodorant and water purification equipment production.
2, Qingdao Dean new carbon composite material Co. ltd.. In September 2016, Qingdao Dean new carbon composite material Co. Ltd was established in the first half of 2017 put into operation. The project is jointly established by Laixi municipal government, Professor Andre Geim, de nano engaged in a new type of graphene composite material production technology company, the company registered capital of 70 million yuan, a total investment of 300 million yuan. The introduction of graphene physics Nobel laureate professor Andre Geim, the team developed the production process technology and Xiao Xiaoyue graphene composite, combination of team development, is committed to engineering plastics, graphene graphene nano composite material and equipment design, development, production and commercial application.
3, Qingdao Hua Gao Mo science and Technology Co., Ltd. 300 tons of oxidation process graphene production project. It is mainly engaged in the development and production of graphene and the application of graphene bulletproof material and graphene thermal conductive film. It is now in the construction stage.
Two. Opportunities for development
The Ministry of industry and information technology, development and Reform Commission, Ministry of science and technology in 15 years in November 30th jointly issued the "several opinions on accelerating the development of graphene industry innovation" (MIIT union original 2015 No. 435), proposed to put the Shi Moxi industry into a leading industry, by 2020, formed the perfect graphene industry system. The new material graphene projects have been included in the Qingdao City, "13th Five-Year ten" plan of science and technology innovation center, Qingdao municipal government work report in 2016 pointed out that the key to promote the construction of Laixi industrial base of graphene. In support of national policy, including new material "13th Five-Year" planning, a plurality of graphene industry support policies or have been introduced, graphene industry in the future will have a huge growth of investment opportunities.
(I) industrial advantages. Laixi is rich in graphite resources, with a total reserves of 1.2 million tons, accounting for about 22% of the country's proven reserves of graphite, and its resources and quality are unique in China. The combination of graphene technology and abundant graphitic resources will further promote the transformation and upgrading of graphite industry to the green and pollution-free high-tech industries. Among them, German companies active with Qingdao DoubleStar, Shandong autoone new energy science and technology, China Xuan tech power energy (Laixi), Qingdao Hisense and other downstream industrial chain construction, the application of the enterprise, is committed to promote large-scale application of graphene downstream products, especially for electronic products and auto tire product of thermal management technology the huge market demand, the development of engineering plastics with high thermal conductivity of graphene. At the same time, we should actively promote the application of high quality battery electrode additives, marine engineering heavy-duty coatings and electromagnetic shielding coatings, and strive to achieve an important breakthrough in graphene industrialization demonstration.
(two) industrial development plan. According to the basic idea of "integration and sharing, improve the planning of graphite and carbon material for public service professional technology platform and professional incubator - graphite graphite industry new materials innovation center construction in Laixi City, supporting the center of life, experts apartments, new materials, graphene graphite for all enterprises to provide services. The center is expected to invest 300 million yuan in total, covering an area of 90 mu, with a building area of 45000 square meters, and completed by the end of 2017. Business center mainly relying on high-tech talent establishing high-tech enterprises, the establishment of a set of graphite industry incubator, Shi Moxin materials research and development, product exhibition, graphene anode material for lithium battery production and sales of scientific and technological innovation platform, at the same time, the laboratory and production workshop for entrepreneurs to provide office, provide, from hatching to large-scale production complete technology innovation service. The central government guarantee, enterprise financing, through systematic research project feasibility and development prospects, help enterprises to seek cooperation of social capital, government and enterprise risk sharing, operation at the same time provide guarantees to help enterprise social capital supervision of enterprises, build project introduction - Pilot - production - incubator leapfrog investment innovation mode. At present, the center has construction area of 10 thousand square meters, and successfully settled in the production line put into operation in Qingdao fortunestar kiloton graphene; the introduction of Nobel laureate Andre. Professor Heim and the national "Millennium Project" expert, Taishan industrial leading personnel 7 people.
(three) the target of industrial development. Graphite new material industrial agglomeration area in Laixi city will be the construction of the "national" carbon Valley "industry demonstration base" and "world-class new material graphene production base" as the goal, is divided into three steps: the first is to attract development on behalf of the world's leading technology graphene production enterprises; second is the agglomeration of high tech enterprise with graphite graphene as raw materials, the formation of a world-class new material industry chain; third units to make the construction of national and even world-class graphene carbon materials testing center, graphene, carbon materials research and development base, graphene carbon material standard. By the end of 2018, the graphite industry gradually realize the upgrading of product structure, realize the transition from primary products to the deep processing and products, to further improve the industry concentration, large enterprises focus on the cultivation of 10-20 graphene products and downstream products series development, accelerate the establishment of resource-saving and strategic reserves, graphite graphite materials science margin system production and management of the industry. By 2018, the total industrial output value was 10 billion yuan, and by 2023, the total industrial output value was 50 billion yuan.
Three. There are problems in the development of industry
First, the support of local policy needs to be strengthened. Although China has introduced related policies to develop new materials, there has been no special support policy for graphene industry. Compared with developed countries, there is no attraction and advantage in introducing graphene industry to high-end projects and talents at home and abroad.
(two) the shortage of large experimental instruments. At present, the development of the downstream applications of graphene needs to purchase large scale experimental instruments. These instruments are not only expensive to purchase and maintain, but also need professional personnel in operation and management. If enterprises and R & D institutions themselves solve them, there will be great difficulties in funding, on the other hand, they will also cause repeated construction and waste of resources.
(three) lack of public research and development, technology transformation and information exchange platform. Small and medium-sized enterprises because of the lack of financial strength, so the lack of technology research and development platform of high level, limiting the upgrading of technology; research creative basic research institutions also tend to lack the technology transfer team could not be translated into the use of mature technology; investment demand and transformation of enterprises with various research institutions and related graphene enterprises often lack of effective communication it is difficult to establish direct contact channels.
Five, suggestions and measures
(1) actively promote industrial upgrading. One is to guide the transfer of existing enterprises by the extensive processing of raw materials to the traditional industry mature technology graphite products, graphite resources and make full use of the brand, and guide domestic emerging enterprises to gather in our city to create graphene production base, graphene industry of our city the first upgrade. The two is to strengthen technical cooperation with domestic and foreign scientific research institutes, carry out systematic research, determine the development direction of graphene downstream products in our city, and gradually achieve the transformation from high-tech to high value-added industrial products, so as to achieve the second upgrading of graphene industry in our city.
(two) to strengthen the government's guidance. First, we should plan scientifically, formulate relevant preferential policies and industrial policies, attract high-quality capital and high-quality human resources to the graphene industry, and guide the benign development of graphene industry. Two it is recommended the establishment of graphene industry development funds, mainly for the processing technology of graphene and graphene tender processing technology breakthrough award, to arouse the enthusiasm of various scientific research institutions, technology to solve the bottleneck of graphene processing as soon as possible, and guide enterprises engaged in technology development. The three is to actively coordinate with the superior departments, and strive to include the deep processing of graphite in our city as the key project plan, and to include the scope of industrial guidance funds. In the financial support of graphene, the existing practice in Ningbo is worthy of reference. 30 million of the funds of Ningbo municipal government took a year for subsidies to enterprises except the staff wages of R & D, equipment, materials, industrial analysis and testing costs, support about 6 to 9 R & D units engaged in graphene development of downstream products, attracted a number of new materials enterprises including Ningbo city.
(three) cultivate regional brand. We should set up brand awareness, support the development of high - quality and high - tech products, strengthen market supervision, and improve the integrity of enterprises. Organize enterprises to participate in professional exhibitions, fairs and promotions at home and abroad. Through network, newspapers, TV and other media, we will intensify publicity and raise awareness, create famous brand and cultivate Laixi regional brand. According to the policy of "regionalization, application and differentiation", we are committed to building "graphene +" industrial cluster, boosting our strategic emerging industries such as new materials, new energy and electronic information.